Early Girlie Homeschool


The Learning Process

  • Remember (recall)

  • Understand (show meaning, solve, explain)

  • Apply (follow patterns, use skills)

  • Analyze (parts/whole, positive and negative)

  • Evaluate / Critique

  • Create (reorganize, design your own)

  • Demonstrate (teach, present, communicate knowledge)

Educational Objectives Kindergarten

English Language Arts - PA State Standards:

  1. Foundational Skills (K1 – K1d) State Standards.

  2. Phonics and Word Recognition.

  3. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships.

  4. Build vocabulary.

  5. Listen to stories and read aloud.

  6. Demonstrate ability to research a subject of interest and cross reference.

  7. Relate text and illustrations.

  8. Create written and illustrative work, with help.

  9. Work on expressive and receptive spoken language skills.

  10. Utilize library resources.


World Languages:

  1. Continue to study and use American Sign Language (which was her first expressive language).

  2. Continue to learn Spanish, oral and printed words.

  3. Distinguish foreign languages, as they are heard or seen in print.


Mathematics PA State Standards:

  1. Use mathematical concepts in free play, using various materials.

  2. Use measurement in cooking and other practical situations.

  3. Counting and Cardinality (1-100).

  4. Study quantities. Count to tell the number of objects and answer “how many?”

  5. Compare numbers as more than, less than, or equal amounts.

  6. Addition and Subtraction within 5.

  7. Geometry- identify and describe shapes; distinguish two- and three-dimensional (flat/solid) objects.

Geography PA State Standards:

  1. Increase knowledge of U.S. States.

  2. Introduction of maps.

  3. Describe the location of familiar places.

  4. Express an awareness for other countries.

  5. Identify various climates.


Sciences:

Increase scientific knowledge through observation, experimentation, and data collection.

1. Botany: Types of plants. Identifying various fruits, vegetables, edible herbs, flowers, and plants and where they grow. Gardening basics.

2. Earth and Atmosphere: Distinguish between three types of earth materials – rock, soil, and sand. Identify various types of precipitation. Identify seasons.

3. Space: Utilize NASA website to explore a variety of information about astronomers, planets, stars, and astronautics. Observe the natural sky and photography of our planet, sun, moon, and outer space.

4. Chemistry and Physics: Recognize that everything is made of matter. Distinguish properties of matter (solid, liquid, gas). Identify how heating, melting, cooling, etc., may cause changes in properties of materials. Discover gravity and how objects move through space through force and motion (push, pull). Explore chemistry and physics through adult-lead experiments and field trips.

5. Energy: Sunlight and electricity. Energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow.

6. Robotics: Identify common application of robots, including science fiction (C3PO and R2D2), lunar rover, industrial robots, and telemedical robotics. Learn basic information about energy source, computerized control systems, sensory feedback, manipulation, locomotion and data processing.

7. Information Technology: Student will become familiar with computer devices such as desktop, laptop, tablets, and smart phones. Using touch screen, trackpad and keyboard devices, student will learn how to utilize computers to research areas of interest, play learning games and utilize apps.


U.S. and PA History State Standards:

  1. Study calendar time (days, weeks, months, years).

  2. Explore local historical sites.

  3. Examine photographs of documents, artifacts, and places unique to Pennsylvania.

  4. Identify different celebrations of different cultures from around the world.

  5. Demonstrate an understanding of conflict and cooperation.


Civics State Standards:

  1. Understanding purpose, need, and respect for rules.

  2. Identify significant American holidays and their symbols.

  3. Identify a problem and provide possible solutions.

  4. Identify roles of community helpers.

  5. Economics Scarcity & Choice: wants, needs, choices based on personal interest. (6.1.K.A -D)

  6. Economics Materials & Resources: local business services and products; identifying currency.


Civics / Government / U.S. History:

  1. Identify current U.S. President and First Lady.

  2. Identify what the Presidential does, and who he is responsible for (U.S. citizens).

  3. Identify past Presidents represented on U.S. currency.

  4. Identify where the U.S. President resides (White House, Washington, D.C.)

  5. Identify the United Nations as a collection of people who support international co-operation.


Safety Education:

  1. Discuss fire prevention, poison control, and responding to injuries and emergencies.

  2. Identify what is needed during a respiratory attack (chest percussion, coughing, inhaler, clearing of airway, supplemental oxygen).

  3. Identify proper wound care for blood disorder.

  4. Identify what to do if separated in public and when not to engage with strangers.

  5. How to safely approach animals, and when not to.


Health:

  1. Identify food groups.

  2. Identify food allergies, intolerances, and reactions.

  3. Learn about the digestive system and immune system.

  4. Beginning cooking and baking, with adult supervision only.

  5. Experience a variety of regional cuisines.


Physical Education:

  1. Take time for daily movement and play.

  2. Engage in three general types of physical exercise: flexibility, aerobic and anaerobic.

  • Stretching to improve range of motion (flexibility).

  • Aerobic to strengthen cardiovascular health and lung capacity (i.e. walking, running, swimming).

  • Anaerobic to increase muscle strength (functional, weights, resistance).

  1. Participate in pre-gymnastics program to meet physical therapy goals.

  2. Explore various systems of exercise, including yoga, dance, games, and gross motor play.

  3. Increase physical skills in each area: cardio/respiratory, endurance, stamina, strength, flexibility, power, speed, coordination, agility, balance and accuracy.

  4. Identify various sports such as football, hockey, tennis, and baseball.


Performing Arts & Visual Arts:

  1. Attend performances, galleries, online exhibits, museums, etc.

  2. Develop aesthetic response and awareness as a viewer.

  3. Improvise vocal and instrumental music; dance and theatrical works at home.

  4. Participate in enrichment activities or workshops.

  5. Recognize and use fundamental vocabulary within each of the art forms.

  6. Learn proper care and handling of instruments, materials, equipment.

Music:

  1. Learn to sing with proper posture, breathing and air support, vocal registration, vocal resonance, tonality (pitch), rhythm, and vibrato.

  2. Understand and demonstrate a musical scale (octave) vocally and on a keyboard instrument.

  3. Be able to distinguish genres of: Classical, Jazz, Folk, Country, Pop.

  4. Identify individual instruments and instrument families.

  5. Practice percussion instruments (hand and stick drums, cymbals, wood blocks, bells, xylophone)

  6. Research music history and explore musical instruments based on student interest.

  7. Beginning Music Theory and Composition: reading and understanding notes, rests, chords, time signatures, rhythm, melody, harmony.

Dance:

  1. Identify dance as a way to tell a story nonverbally, as a form of emotional expression, social interaction, physical exercise, or ceremonial performance.

  2. Explore dance genres, choreography, form, improvisation and styles.


Theatre:

  1. Understand elements of Theatre: scenes; script/text; set design; actors, directors.

  2. Become familiar with theatrical works.

  3. Learn introductions, segues, and closing of performances.


Visual Arts and Crafts:

  1. Distinguish mediums and materials needed to create: drawings; watercolor paintings; acrylic paintings; clay sculpture; metal sculpture; photography; found object assemblage; collage

  2. Recognize, identify and mix colors.

  3. Create and title original works of art and crafts.

  4. Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action, or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.

  5. Learn about famous artists and their works.

Educational Objectives Grade 1

English Language Arts:

  1. Foundational Skills – PA State Standards.

  2. Phonics – PA State Standards.

  3. Spelling – PA State Standards.

  4. Build vocabulary.

  5. Listen to stories and answer questions to show comprehension.

  6. Demonstrate ability to research a subject of interest and cross reference.

  7. Relate text and illustrations.

  8. Create written and illustrative work, with help.

  9. Work on expressive and receptive spoken language skills.

  10. Utilize library resources.

  11. Research at least one author and illustrator's process.

  12. Learn to print the alphabet correctly. (IEP goal)


Mathematics:

  1. Use mathematical concepts in free play, using various materials.

  2. Use measurement in cooking and other practical situations.

  3. Counting and Cardinality (100-200).

  4. Study quantities. Count to tell the number of objects and answer “how many?”

  5. Compare numbers as more than, less than, or equal amounts.

  6. Addition and Subtraction within 10.

  7. Geometry: distinguish two- and three-dimensional (flat/solid) objects.

  8. Fractions: identify halves and quarters.

  9. Lengths in order of shortest to tallest.

  10. Physics: Study motion (push/pull).


Geography PA State Standards:


  1. Increase knowledge of U.S. States.

  2. Study of maps.

  3. Describe the location of familiar places.

  4. Express an awareness for other countries.

  5. Identify various climates and habitats.


Science Objectives:

Increase scientific knowledge through observation, experimentation, and data collection.

Identify scientists who have contributed to areas of study.


1. Botany: Types of plants. Identifying various fruits, vegetables, edible herbs, flowers, and plants and where they grow. Gardening basics.


2. Earth & Atmosphere: Distinguish between types of soil (State Standard). Identify bodies of fresh and salt water. Identify various types of precipitation. Identify seasons and impact on living things.


3. Space: Utilize NASA website to explore a variety of information about astronomers, planets, stars, and astronautics. Observe the natural sky and photography of our planet, sun, moon, and outer space.


4. Chemistry and Physics: Recognize that everything is made of matter. Distinguish properties of matter (solid, liquid, gas). Identify how heating, melting, cooling, may cause changes in properties of matter. Discover gravity and how objects move through space through force and motion (push, pull). Explore chemistry and physics through adult-lead experiments and field trips.


5. Energy & Ecology: Sunlight and electricity. Energy is needed for all organisms to stay alive and grow. Study renewable and nonrenewable resources. Waste disposal and recycling processes.


6. Information Technology: Use touch screen, trackpad and keyboard devices to research areas of interest, play educational games, use applications (apps). Identify basic components of a computer and internet source: hard drive, RAM, servers, routers. Distinguish software from hardware.


U.S. and PA History:

  1. Study calendar time (days, weeks, months, years).

  2. Explore local historical sites.

  3. Examine photographs of documents, artifacts, and places unique to Pennsylvania.

  4. Identify different celebrations of different cultures from around the world.

  5. Demonstrate an understanding of conflict and cooperation.

  6. Identify important people in local and national history.


Civics PA State Standards:

  1. Understanding purpose, need, and respect for rules.

  2. Identify significant American holidays and their symbols.

  3. Identify a problem and provide possible solutions.

  4. Identify roles of community helpers.

  5. Describe and utilize principles of equality.

  6. Economics Scarcity & Choice: wants, needs, choices based on personal interest.

  7. Economics Materials & Resources: local business services and products; identifying currency.


Safety Education:

  1. Discuss fire prevention, poison control, and responding to injuries and emergencies.

  2. Identify what is needed during a respiratory attack (chest percussion, coughing, inhaler, clearing of airway, supplemental oxygen).

  3. Identify proper wound care for blood disorder.

  4. Identify what to do if separated in public and when not to engage with strangers.

  5. How to safely approach animals, and when not to.

  6. Practice safety drills.


Health and Physiology:

  1. Student will strive to meet State Standards.

  2. Identify food groups.

  3. Identify food allergies, intolerances, and reactions.

  4. Learn about the digestive system and immune system.

  5. Beginning cooking and baking, with adult supervision only.

  6. Experience a variety of regional cuisines.

  7. Understand basic human physiology: bones, muscles, joints.


Physical Education:

  1. Take time for daily movement and play.

  2. Engage in three general types of physical exercise: flexibility, aerobic and anaerobic.

  3. Participate in gymnastics program to meet physical therapy goals.

  4. Explore various systems of exercise, including yoga, dance, games, and gross motor play.

  5. Increase physical skills in each area: cardio/respiratory, endurance, stamina, strength, flexibility, power, speed, coordination, agility, balance and accuracy.

  6. Identify various sports such as football, hockey, tennis, and baseball.

  7. Select one sport to learn the rules of a game, as well as techniques to play.


Performing Arts & Visual Arts:

  1. Attend performances, galleries, online exhibits, museums, and the like.

  2. Develop aesthetic response and awareness as a viewer.

  3. Improvise vocal and instrumental music; dance and theatrical works at home.

  4. Participate in enrichment activities or workshops.

  5. Recognize and use fundamental vocabulary within each of the art forms.

  6. Learn proper care and handling of instruments, materials, equipment.

  7. Learn about famous and local artists and their works.


Music:

  1. Learn to sing with proper posture, breathing and air support, vocal registration, vocal resonance, tonality (pitch), rhythm, and vibrato.

  2. Understand and demonstrate a musical scale (octave) vocally and on a keyboard instrument.

  3. Be able to distinguish genres of: Classical, Jazz, Folk, Country, Pop (Kindergarten). Swing, Opera, Theatrical, Rap.

  4. Identify individual instruments and instrument families.

  5. Practice percussion instruments (hand and stick drums, cymbals, wood blocks, bells, xylophone)

  6. Research music history and explore musical instruments based on student interest.

  7. Beginning Music Theory: Octave and solfège (do-re-mi-sol-fa-mi-re-do).


Dance:

  1. Identify dance as a way to tell a story nonverbally; as a form of emotional expression, social interaction, physical exercise, or ceremonial performance.

  2. Explore dance genres, choreography, form, improvisation and styles.


Theatre:

  1. Understand elements of Theatre: scenes; script/text; set design; actors, directors.

  2. Become familiar with theatrical works.

  3. Rehearse introductions, segues, and closing of performances.


Visual Arts and Crafts:

  1. Create and title original works and collaborative pieces.

  2. Recognize, identify and mix colors.

  3. Become familiar with, and utilize, art elements and principles of design.

  4. Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action, or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.

Educational Objectives Grade 2

English Language Arts:

  • Foundational Skills – PA State Standards. High frequency words, long and short vowels, decode two-syllable words with long vowels, common prefixes and suffixes. Ask and answer questions such as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic. Clarify multi-meaning words. Phonics – PA State Standards.
  • Spelling – Using Spelling City on iPad for spelling tests. Listen to stories and answer questions to show comprehension. Read Leveled Text, starting with J (using Raz Kids A-Z).
  • Demonstrate ability to research a subject of interest and cross reference.
  • Relate text and illustrations. Create written and illustrative work, with help. Work on expressive and receptive spoken language skills. Utilize library resources.
  • Research at least one author and illustrator's process.
  • Printing basics. Be able to copy a word and sentence without assistance.
  • Identify the characters, plot, and main theme of a novel.

Arithmetic:

  • Introduce the 4 operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division.
  • Timeline basics.
  • Geometry: Identify, compare and classify 2D and 3D shapes.
  • Currency – make change from $1 - $10.
  • Fractions: Use the understanding of fractions to partition shapes.
  • Lengths: Measure and estimate lengths, using ruler, yard stick and tape measure.
  • Represent and interpret data using graphs and pie charts.
  • Geography:
  • Increase knowledge of U.S. States and Europe, using maps.
  • Describe the location of familiar places.
  • Identify physical characteristics of places.

Science:

  • Increase scientific knowledge through observation, experimentation, and data collection.
  • Identify scientists who have contributed to areas of study.
  • U.S. and PA History:
  • Study calendar time (days, weeks, months, years).
  • Identify documents relating to an event.
  • Identify and compare cultural commemorations and remembrances.
  • Identify historical figures in the local community.
  • Civics State Standards:
  • Understanding purpose, need, and respect for rules.
  • Identify significant American holidays and their symbols.
  • Identify state symbols.
  • Identify community helpers and government leaders.
  • Basic Economics.

Safety Education:

  • Fire prevention, poison control, and responding to injuries and emergencies.

Health and Physiology:

  • Student will strive to meet State Standards.
  • Beginning cooking and baking, with adult supervision only.
  • Experience a variety of regional cuisines. Keep a food journal.
  • Understand basic human physiology: bones, muscles, joints.

Physical Education:

  • Take time for daily movement and play.
  • Engage in three general types of physical exercise: flexibility, aerobic and anaerobic.
  • Meet physical therapy goals.
  • Increase physical skills in each area: cardio/respiratory, endurance, stamina, strength, flexibility, power, speed, coordination, agility, balance and accuracy.
  • Identify various sports.
  • Select one sport to learn the rules of a game, as well as techniques to play.

Music:

  • Sing with proper posture, breath support, vocal registration, resonance, tonality (pitch), rhythm, and vibrato.
  • Be able to distinguish musical genres and musicians.
  • Practice musical instruments.
  • Music Theory: Identify dynamics, harmony, rhythm, pitch, major/minor scale and form.
  • Beginning musical notation.

Performing Arts (Dance / Theatre):

  • Identify dance as a way to tell a story nonverbally; as a form of emotional expression, social interaction, physical exercise, or ceremonial performance.
  • Explore dance genres, choreography, form, improvisation and styles.
  • Understand elements of stage: scenes; script/text; set design; markings.
  • Become familiar with theatrical works.
  • Attend performances, galleries, online exhibits, museums.
  • Develop aesthetic response and awareness as a viewer.
  • Recognize and use fundamental vocabulary within each of the art forms.

Visual Arts and Crafts:

  • Create and title original works and collaborative pieces.
  • Utilize color theory.
  • Recognize, identify and mix colors.
  • Become familiar with, and utilize, art elements and principles of design.
  • Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action, or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.
  • Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action, or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.

Educational Objectives: Grade 3

English Language Arts:

  • Continue to improve spelling, grammar, reading, and writing skills.
  • Respond to works of Literature through various activities - PA Common Core (2015)
  • Spelling – Using word groups and Spelling City on iPad for practice and tests.
  • Research at least one author and illustrator's process and create a biography.


Arithmetic:

  • Increase basic counting and computational skills.
  • Focus on fractions, as used in math, scientific measurement, cooking, and music.
  • Whole as the sum of parts: 1/2, ¾, ¼ and 1/8.
  • Introduce new concepts and test knowledge.
  • Use visual graphic organizers to measure data (venn diagram, bar, line plots, tally).


Science / Technology / Engineering:

  • Increase scientific knowledge through observation, experiments, and data collection.
  • Learn about scientists who contributed to various areas of study.
  • Biology: Read and view documentaries on topics of interest.
  • Chemistry and Physics: View basic reactions to demonstrate properties of matter, and to link properties of energy and motion (sound, light, heat waves).
  • Earth and Space: Weather studies.
  • Technology: Examine artifacts, applied creativity, and the evolution of technology.


Geography:

  • Improve map skills.
  • Increase knowledge of U.S. and world geography (focus on England and UK).
  • Describe the layers of a rainforest and ocean.
  • Complete DK Geography Workbook.


U.S. and PA History:

  • Increase knowledge of American and PA history.
  • Study historical topics of interest.
  • Identify historical figures in the local community.


Civics State Standards:

  • Continue to learn about the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
  • Identify community helpers: police, EMS, fire fighters, mail carriers, neighbors, etc.
  • Identify significant American holidays and symbols.


Safety Education:

  • Continue to instruct student in fire prevention, poison control, and responding to injuries and emergencies.
  • Identify what is needed during a respiratory attack.
  • Identify food allergens and intolerances. 
  • Recognize positive and negative group interactions (roles of leader/follower, cooperation, sharing, on task participating).


Health and Physiology:

  • Student will strive to meet State Standards.
  • Identify food groups, healthy and unhealthy food choices.
  • Continue cooking and baking basics.
  • Continue to learn about the human body - digestive system, enzymes, probiotics.


Physical Education:

  • Engage in three general types of physical exercise: flexibility, aerobic and anaerobic.
  • Identify various sports.
  • Select one sport to learn the rules of a game, as well as techniques to play. 
  • Use community resources for indoor and outdoor play.


Performing Arts & Visual Arts Appreciation:

  • Attend performances and exhibits.
  • Develop aesthetic response and awareness as a viewer.
  • Increase appreciation and use of the arts as a form of expression.


Music:

  • Sing and practice musical instruments regularly.
  • Distinguish musical genres and musicians.
  • Music Theory: tempo, time signatures (4/4 and 3/4 time), reading rhythm (whole, half, quarter, eighth notes).
  • Music composition: compose a song using proper timing.

Dance / Theatre:

  • Identify dance as a way to tell a story nonverbally; as a form of emotional expression, social interaction, physical exercise, or ceremonial performance.
  • Become familiar with theatrical works (link with Literature).


Visual Arts and Crafts:

  • Create and title original works and collaborative pieces.
  • Utilize color theory. Recognize, identify and mix colors.
  • Become familiar with, and utilize, art elements and principles of design.
  • Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action, or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.
  • Art subjects will be tied into language arts, and other studies.

Educational Objectives: Grade 4

English Language Arts:

  • Continue to improve spelling, grammar, reading, and writing skills.
  • Respond to works of Literature through various activities - PA Common Core (2015)
  • Spelling – Using word groups and Spelling City on iPad for practice and tests.
  • Research at least one author and illustrator's process and create a biography.
  • Printing practice using quotes from history, science, math and literature.

Arithmetic:

  • Increase basic counting and computational skills.
  • Introduce new concepts and test knowledge.
  • Focus on measuring time using analog and digital clocks, calendars, and timelines.
  • Use visual graphic organizers to measure data (venn diagram, bar, line plots, tally).


Science / Technology / Engineering:

  • Increase scientific knowledge through observation, experiments, and data collection.
  • Learn about scientists who contributed to various areas of study.
  • Biology: Read and view documentaries on topics of interest.
  • Chemistry and Physics: air pressure on objects (sailing), pendulums, properties of fire.
  • Earth and Space: Archaeology, geology, moon phases.
  • Technology: Examine artifacts, applied creativity, and the evolution of technology. Focus on clocks, pendulums from Colonial times.


Geography:

  • Improve map skills.
  • Increase knowledge of U.S. and world geography.
  • Describe the layers of a rainforest and ocean.


U.S. and PA History:

  • Increase knowledge of Colonial American and PA history.
  • Study historical topics of interest.
  • Identify and collect artifacts relating to an event.
  • Identify historical figures in the local community.
  • Keep a travel journal (like the early Explorers).


Civics State Standards:

  • Continue to learn about the rights and responsibilities of citizens.
  • Identify community helpers: police, EMS, fire fighters, mail carriers, neighbors, etc.
  • Identify significant American holidays and symbols.


Safety Education:

  • History of firefighting and fire prevention and safety.
  • Identify what is needed during a respiratory attack.
  • Basic first aid care.


Health and Physiology:

  • Student will strive to meet State Standards.
  • Identify food safety: signs of food spoil, expiration dates, mold.
  • Cooking and baking basics.
  • Continue to taste and keep journal of new cuisines.
  • Learn about puberty, as developmentally appropriate.


Physical Education:

  • Engage in three general types of physical exercise: flexibility, aerobic and anaerobic.
  • Identify various sports.
  • Select one sport to learn the rules of a game, as well as techniques to play. (Croquette)
  • Use community resources for indoor and outdoor play.


Performing Arts & Visual Arts Appreciation:

  • Attend performances and exhibits.
  • Develop aesthetic response and awareness as a viewer.
  • Increase appreciation and use of the arts as a form of expression.


Music:

  • Sing and practice musical instruments regularly.
  • Distinguish musical genres and musicians.
  • Music Theory: focus on learning the names of the notes, treble and bass clef, scales and chords.
  • Music composition: Compose a song using a variety of notes.

Dance / Theatre:

  • Identify dance as a way to tell a story nonverbally; as a form of emotional expression, social interaction, physical exercise, or ceremonial performance.
  • Become familiar with theatrical works.
  • Learn how Native Americans use dance in their rituals.


Visual Arts and Crafts:

  • Create and title original works and collaborative pieces.
  • Become familiar with, and utilize, art elements and principles of design.
  • Utilize color theory in works of art.
  • Demonstrate the ability to define objects, express emotions, illustrate an action, or relate an experience through creation of works in the arts.
  • Art subjects will be tied into literature, history, science, sports, music, and cultural studies.

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